40 years ago a young scientist wired up a subject with electrodes and spent a sleepless night hovering over a polygraph machine.
He was trying to prove the existence of lucid dreaming.
This was at a time when most scientists claimed that lucid dreaming - waking up inside a dream - was impossible. Even many psychoanalysts and other professionals who worked closely with dreams doubted that anyone could become conscious in the unconscious world of dreams.
But Keith Hearne, then a PhD student at the University of Hull, had the idea that since the eyes move freely in REM sleep, it should be possible for a lucid dreamer to make pre-agreed eye signals on becoming lucid. His subject for the experiment was talented lucid dreamer Alan Worsley, who succeeded in signalling lucidity at 8am on the morning of 12th April 1975. These signals provided the first scientific proof of the existence of lucid dreaming.
Since those pioneering days, incredible progress has been made with lucid dream research. Lucid dreaming is now known to help with nightmares, creativity, problem-solving, sports skills and trauma, and its use in therapies is expanding. Movies have been made around the concept of lucid dreams, and leading philosophers are waking up to the fact that lucid dreaming can be a wonderful tool for consciousness exploration.
Yet this explosion of wide-scale interest is very recent. In 2003, when I began my PhD on lucid dreaming and creativity, it was still very difficult to get academics to take my subject seriously and I had to face outraged psychoanalysts who would jump to their feet and challenge me during my talks: "What proof do you have that lucid dreaming even exists?" "Is there any empirical evidence?" "How can anybody 'wake up' inside a dream?"
Some people felt especially provoked when I said that I was carrying out my PhD research while asleep, in my lucid dreams. ("Doctoral research while asleep? Impossible!") Since they'd never heard of lucid dreaming before, the news that I was meeting up with my novel characters in my lucid dreams, or creating new plot elements by asking the dream for help, seemed too great a leap for them to contemplate.
Happily, other members of the audience who worked with dreams in their jobs as therapists were more open: they would come up and tell me they planned to use some of my suggestions to help their clients. Others shared that they had been having lucid dreams since childhood without knowing there was a name for these kinds of dreams.
Back then, for me Dr Keith Hearne was a distant scientist; a historic figure I never dreamed I'd meet. Our paths only crossed at the 2013 Gateways of the Mind conference in London where I spoke on "Lucid Dreaming: Waking up in Dreams, in Life and in Death."
Keith Hearne made a brief appearance and soon afterwards we met up at the Science Museum, where his prototype Dream Machine is displayed, so that I could interview him for my forthcoming lucid dreaming book. His gentle approach to dreamwork and hypnotherapy mirrored my own fascination with the power and healing potential of unconscious imagery.
As we shared inspiring stories and our love of lucid dreaming, we connected. Keith Hearne and I decided to work together in 2015 to celebrate forty years of huge advances in the field of lucid dreaming since his 1975 experiment.
This will kick off with a day-long celebration at the Dream Research Institute in London on Sat 28th March 2015, where we'll be exploring everything from the science of lucid dreaming to its creative and healing applications. Afterwards there'll be a lucidity dinner where participants can chat informally to Keith and I about all things lucid.
Lucid dreaming has enormous potential and we still have much to learn about what it can teach us. When we consider how much we've learned in the past 40 years of scientific and therapeutic discoveries, we're bound to wonder: What will the next 40 years of lucid dreaming exploration bring?
Join Clare Johnson and Keith Hearne at this one-day exploration of lucid dream science, therapy, healing, creativity and the dream body. With practical tips for working with lucid dreams. Click here to book your ticket.
Rebecca Turner is the founder of World of Lucid Dreaming. She is currently studying for a science degree in Auckland and becoming famous as a science writer. Try her lucid dreaming course and connect with the team on Facebook and the lucid dream forum.
If we're completely honest, lucid dreaming isn't really known for being the most social of interests. In fact, often it's a lone pursuit - just you, your dream journal and the landscape of your mind. But this technique called PAL (or Partner Assisted Lucidity) breaks down that wall and turns lucid dream exploration into a social event.
Members of our lucid dream forum have been asking how to create dream characters in lucid dreams. The most common problem is having characters who look nothing like they should. Or they seem disinterested in your company. Or they fail to show up on command altogether. So, how to combat this? It's a matter of finding creative solutions that bypass logical expectations.
To lucid dream, I recommend being able to remember at least one vivid dream per night. That will boost your self awareness in dreams (making lucidity more likely) and also means you can actually remember your lucid dreams. Which is nice. Here are four detailed tips on how to remember your dreams more frequently. And if you don't think you dream at all - trust me, you almost certainly do. It takes an extraordinarily rare sleep disorder to deprive someone of dream sleep.
It is estimated that these wise and wily Indians have been using mugwort in their healing and ritual practices for 13,000 years, where it is known as the ‘dream sage’. They use the herb to promote good dreams, which they consider an essential aspect of normal human functioning! But that’s not all...
Silene Capensis has been used for millennia by the Xhosa shaman of the river valleys in the eastern cape of South Africa, where it is known as Undela Ziimhlophe or 'white paths'. It's fragrant white flowers open only at night, when they emit a fragrant and almost hypnotising aroma. Also known as African Dream Herb or Ubulawu, Silene Capensis induces spectacularly vivid dreams - yet has never entered the mainstream and remains a fringe taste within western culture.
Experts agree that everyone is capable of having lucid dreams. Dreaming itself is a normal function of the mind. We all dream every night, even if we don't remember. And we all achieve conscious awareness while awake every single day. So what does it mean to combine these states? Why, the amazing ability to have conscious - or lucid - dreams. Sounds simple, doesn't it? So why do I keep hearing from people who say they can't achieve their first lucid dream?